基本建设投资 investment in infrastructure

基本经济要素 economic fundamentals

基本适度 broadly appropriate

基准利率 benchmark interest rate

机关团体存款 deposits of non-profit institutions

机会成本 opportunity cost

激励机制 incentive mechanism

积压严重 heavy stockpile; excessive inventory

挤提存款 run on banks

挤占挪用 unwarranted diversion of(financial)resources (from designated uses)

技改投资 investment in technological upgrading

技术密集型产品 technology-intensive product

计划单列市 municipalities with independent planning status

计划经济 planned economy

集体经济 the collective sector

加大结构调整力度 to intensify structural adjustment

加工贸易 processing trade

加快态势 accelerating trend

加强税收征管稽查 to enhance tax administration

加权价 weighted average price

价格放开 price liberalization

价格形成机制 pricing mechanism

减亏 to reduce losses

简化手续 to cut red tape; to simplify (streamline) procedures

交投活跃 brisk trading

缴存准备金 to deposit required reserves

结构扭曲 structural distortion

结构失调 structural imbalance

结构性矛盾突出 acute structural imbalance

结构优化 structural improvement (optimization)

结汇、售汇 sale and purchase of foreign exchange

金融脆弱 financial fragility

金融动荡 financial turbulence

金融风波 financial disturbance

金融恐慌 financial panic

金融危机 financial crisis

金融压抑 financial repression

金融衍生物 financial derivatives

金融诈骗 financial fraud

紧缩银根 to tighten monetary policy

紧缩政策 austerity policies; tight financial policies

经常账户可兑换 current account convertibility

经济特区 special economic zones (SEZs)

经济体制改革 economic reform

经济增长方式的转变 change in the main source of economic growth (from investment expansion to efficiency gains)

经济增长减速 economic slowdown; moderation in economic growth

经济制裁 economic sanction

经营自主权 autonomy in management

景气回升 recovery in business activity 

境外投资 overseas investment

竞争加剧 intensifying competition

局部性金融风波 localized (isolated) financial disturbance

K 

开办人民币业务 to engage in RMB business

可维持(可持续)经济增长 sustainable economic growth

可变成本 variable cost

可自由兑换货币 freely convertible currency

控制现金投放 control currency issuance

扣除物价因素 in real terms; on inflation-adjusted basis

库存产品 inventory

跨国银行业务 cross-border banking

跨年度采购 cross-year procurement

会计准则 accounting standard

来料加工 processing of imported materials for export

离岸银行业务 off-shore banking (business)

理顺外贸体制 to rationalize foreign trade regime

利率杠杆的调节作用 the role of interest rates in resource allocation

利润驱动 profit-driven

利息回收率 interest collection ratio

联行清算 inter-bank settlement

连锁企业 franchise (businesses); chain businesses

良性循环 virtuous cycle

两极分化 growing income disparity; polarization in income distribution

零售物价指数 retail price index (RPI)

流动性比例 liquidity ratio

流动资产周转率/流通速度 velocity of liquid assets

流动资金贷款 working capital loans

流通体制 distribution system

流通网络 distribution network

留购(租赁期满时承租人可购买租赁物)hire purchase

垄断行业 monopolized industry (sector)

乱集资 irregular (illegal)fund raising

乱收费 irregular (illegal)charges

乱摊派 unjustified (arbitrary) levies